Tariqa Tijanniya

  • Tijanniya

                                              The Tariqa Tijaniyya

     

    In the Name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful.

    THE CONCEPT OF TARIQA IN ISLAM
               WRITTEN BY DR SANI DAHIRU ABUBAKAR UNDER THE SUPERVISION OF SHEIKH DAHIRU ABUBAKAR KURMI

     

    To understand the concept of tariqa, we have to go back to the hadith of the holy Prophet (SAW):

    On the authority of Omar (RTA), who said : One day while we were sitting with the messenger of Allah (SAW) there appeared before us a man whose clothes were exceedingly white and whose hair was exceedingly black; no signs of journeying were to be seen on him and none of us knew him. He walked up and sat down by the prophet. Resting his knees against his and placing the palms of his hands on his thighs, he said: “O Muhammad, tell me about Islam“. The messenger of Allah said: “Islam is to testify that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, to perform the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast in Ramadhan, and to make the pilgrimage to the House if you are able to do so.” He said: “You have spoken rightly”, and we were amazed at him asking him and saying that he had spoken rightly. He said: “Then tell me about Iman. “He said:”It is to believe in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day, and to believe in divine destiny, both the good and the evil thereof.” He said:”You have spoken rightly”. He said: “Then tell me about Ihsan.” He said: “It is to worship Allah as though you are seeing Him, and while you see Him not yet truly He sees you“. He said: “Then tell me about the Hour”. He said: “The one questioned about it knows no better than the questioner.” He said: “Then tell me about its signs.” He said: “That the slave-girl will give birth to her mistress and that you will see the barefooted, naked, destitute herdsman competing in constructing lofty buildings.” Then he took himself off and I stayed for a time. Then he said: “O Omar, do you know who the questioner was?” I said: “Allah and His messenger know best”. He said: “He was Jibreel (Gabriel), who came to you to teach you your religion.”

    narrated by Muslim

    According to this hadith it can be noticed that there are 3 very crucial topics addressed which are that of Islam, Iman and Ihsan. Shortly after the era of the prophet (SAW) and after the generation of the sahabahs, the Islamic world which had then expanded from the Atlantic Ocean to China made it difficult for a large portion of muslims in the vast muslim world to adequately acquire the proper practice of obtaining the tenets of Islam ritual practices (salah, fasting, zakat and hajj) as practiced by the Prophet (SAW) and the Sahabah (RTA). There was therefore a need to accumulate, teach and spread this knowledge to all parts of the Islamic empire in its purest form before the Tabi’un (students of the Sahabah) pass away. This great task was achieved by the four mazhab imams: Imam Malik ibn Anas, Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbali (May Allah be pleased with them) who themselves to varying extent were second to third generation Muslims. They collectively created the science of Islamic jurisprudence or Islamic law providing an in-depth analysis of Quran and authentic ahadith on the correct performance of salah, fasting, zakat and hajj (Islam according to the Prophet (SAW) when answering angel Jibreel (AS)). These four schools of law and jurisprudence were followed as the mazhabs by about a billion Muslims world-wide as they were unanimously agreed to be the supreme experts in this field after the tabi’un (followers). It is therefore seen that the Mazhabs symbolizes the essence of the first state of the religion: Islam.

    When it comes to Iman, it is expected that all Muslims believe in the six articles of faith as expounded in the hadith above (belief in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, the last day and pre-destination). There are however different understanding as to how one comprehends these articles of faith (Aqida). In this regard, early Muslim scholars who are experts in this field have provided methodologies of understanding these based on their analyses of the Quran and Sunnah. Those who agree with the explanations of Abu al-Hassan al-Ash’ari considered themselves as the followers of the Asha’ari school of theology while those agreeing with the views of Abu Mansur al-Maturidi follow the Maturidiyya school of theology. Other schools of theology are Murji’ah, Mu’tazili, Athari(also salafi) and ZahiriFrom this it is observed that Aqida relates to the second state of the religion which is Iman.

    Perhaps the least understood of all the three stages of the religion asked by the angel Jibreel (AS) and answered by the Prophet (SAW) is Ihsan (loosely translated as excellence). Unlike the first state in the deen (religion) which is islam according to the hadith above and is affiliated with ritual activities (physical component), Iman which is the second component deals with belief (the heart) the Ihsan which is the third state penetrates into the thought and soul - it is the state of the mind where a Muslim is expected to attain constant consciousness of Allah every second and moment and feel an intense unconditional yearning for Him through having a deep and perfect knowledge of Allah (SWT) called Ma’arifa (Gnosis) and purification of the soul (tazkiyatun nafs). This kind of state is not to be achieved by simply reading books or from any Islamic scholar but by practicing methods which agree with and are harmonious with the Quran and Sunnah under the guidance of Islamic scholars who have attained this state and possess the permission (ijaza) to transmit these methods and teachings. The sunnah way to transmit knowledge as practiced by the Sahabahs and early Islamic scholars before the advent of western education was by giving ijaza (permission from a higher authority usually an expert in a certain field in Islam or Islamic text. This usually implies that the student has learned this knowledge through face-to-face interactions “at the feet” of the teacher qualified to transmit this type of knowledge and experience as it takes rigorous processes to polish one’s mind away from the trivialities of the world and achieve soul purification so as to achieve constant consciousness of Allah (SWT). 

    These practices and knowledge came from the Prophet (SAW) and passed to several Sahabahs the prominent being Sayyidna Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and Sayyidna Abubakar (RA). The teachings are mostly constant zikrs (remembrance of Allah (SWT) and some of these Sahabahs adopted zuhd (ascetic life and disdain for the material world) to steady and focus their minds towards Allah (SWT). These Sahabahs transmitted what they knew to the tabi’un who then transmitted to the tabi’I tabi’un (followers of the followers). By the fourth generation, materialism had crept into Muslims heart to such an extent that Allah’s consciousness is only present during salats while zuhd became increasingly difficult to practice as temptation was rife. This was because the first three Muslim generations were stronger in faith and mind due to their closer proximity to the Prophet (SAW) or those that have been in his presence.The possessors of the Ihsan scholarly ijazas from the first three generations became more networked with each Imam or spiritual Islamic guide organizing Tazkiyyah (purification of the soul) in a particular way as they have inherited from their predecessors to respective sahabahs of the Prophet (SAW). This should not be mistaken as division but rather due to the different understanding and application of principles as understood by the Sahabahs, just like each Imam of Mazhab organized rulings in a certain way based on his conviction of the Quran and hadith (It does not necessarily mean they are wrong!). Each of this organized networks were henceforth called tariqas (literally meaning path) which usually adopts the name of a prominent Sheikh or spiritual guide that emerge along the line of succession. Thus, for example, the path followed by Sheikh Abdulqadir Jelani was called Qadiriyya while the path followed by Sheikh Abu Hassan Shadhili was called Shadhiliyya. This does not mean that these personalities invented the tariqas (paths to Ihsan or soul purification) but as a means of identifying with them due to their piety and large students they attracted. I will quickly add here that Ihsan cannot be attained without absolute obedience and following of the principles of Islam and unconditional belief of Iman.

    As earlier explained, one can only receive instruction in these practices from an authorised teacher of the tariqa, and only after pledging a vow of obedience (bay’ah ) to this sheikh (to continue with the azkars until he/she purifies their soul and experience full Ihsan and perfect knowledge of Allah (SWT). The shaikh gives his disciples permission (ijâza) to practice the tariqa: he may also authorize one or more of them to teach it to others, i.e. appoint them as his khalîfa. In this way a hierarchically ordered network of teachers continues into posterity. Each shaikh show a chain of authorities for the tariqa he teaches (his silsila or spiritual genealogy). Usually the silsila reaches back from one’s own teacher up to the Prophet (SAW), with whom all tariqas originated although there may have been some modifications along the way in some tariqas. An aspirant in the way of Ihsan has his silsila as his badge of identity and source of legitimation; it provides him with a list of illustrious predecessors and shows how he is related to other aspirants to the Prophet (SAW).Tariqa, therefore encapsulate the concept of Ihsan. 

                                   TARIQA TIJANIYYA

    The actual name for this tariqa is Ahmadiyya Muhammadiyya Ibrahimiyya Hanafiyya, but aspirants on this path simply call it Tijaniyya drawing upon the place of origin of Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (RTA). Over centuries, most of these tariqas had lost the ability to impart perfect and deep knowledge of Allah (SWT) “gnosis” necessary for the attainment of complete Ihsan as the chain of spiritual masters lengthens between them and the Prophet (SAW) coupled with increased modernization and materialism of the world. But out of Allah’s bountiful mercy and compassion for the Ummah, the link of transmission was invigorated, renewed and strengthened by Prophet Muhammad (SAW) through waking visions of him by Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (SAW). This may sound astonishing but it is very possible for the very pious to see the Prophet awake and hold conversation with him as narrated in the following rigorously authenticated hadith:

     

    Abu Hurayrah (RA) reported that: The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: Whoever sees me in his dream shall see me with his waking eyes (yaqadha) and the devil cannot impersonate me.

    Narrated by Bukhari, Muslim and Abu Dawud.

    Prominent masters of Hadith like Imam Jalaluddin Suyuti attested to the fact that the waking vision refers to the vision in this world and not the hereafter as everyone will see him on the Day of Judgment. To object the content of this hadith is to disbelieve in the Prophet (SAW) who the Qur’an says “does not speak of his own desire”, and ignorance of the power of Allah (SWT) and under-estimate His capabilities (A’uzu billah). 

    Before Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (RTA) had waking visions and received knowledge and zikr directly from the holy Prophet (SAW), he had previously received ijazas from the prominent tariqa masters linking him to both Sayyidna Ali ibn Abi Talib (RTA) and Sayyidna Abubakar (RTA) as highlighted below:

    1.    From Sayyidna Ali ibn Abi-Talib through Sayyidna Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi-Talib:

    Sayyidna Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi-Talib

    Sidi Abu Muhammad Jabir 

    Sidi Said al-Ghazwani 

    Sidi Fath as-Suud 

    Sidi Saad Said 

    Sidi Ahmad al-Marwani 

    Sidi Ibrahim al-Basri 

    Sidi Zaynuddin al-Qazwini 

    Sidi Muhammad Shamsdin 

    Sidi Muhammad Tajuddin 

    Sidi Nuruddin Ali 

    Sidi Fakhruddin 

    Sidi Tuqiyuddin Faqayyir 

    Sidi Abderrahman Madani

    Al-Qutb al-Kamil Mawlana Abdessalam  ibn Mashish al-Alami

    Al-Qutb Al-Kamil Maulana Abu Hassan Al-Shadhili

    Sidi Abul Abbas Mursi 

    Sidi Ibn Ataaillah 

    Sidi Dawud Bakhili 

    Sidi Muhammad Wafa 

    Sidi Ali ibn Wafa 

    Sidi Yahya Qadiri 

    Sidi Ahmed Hadrami

    Sidi Muhammad Al-Jazouli

    Sidi Abdellaziz Tabbaa 

    Sidi Abdellah Ghazwani 

    Sidi Zamrani Taleb 

    Sidi Aissa al-Misbahi 

    Sidi Ali al-Karfiti 

    Mulay A. Shrif al-Wazzani 

    Sidi Muhammad al-Wazzani 

    Sidi Tuhami al-Wazzani 

    Sidi Tayyeb al-Wazzani

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani

    2. Another route of silsila he had from Sayyidna Ali through Hassan ibn Sayyidna Ali is: 

    Sayyidna Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi-Talib

    Sidi Abu Muhammad Jabir 

    Sidi Said al-Ghazwani 

    Sidi Fath as-Suud 

    Sidi Saad Said 

    Sidi Ahmad al-Marwani 

    Sidi Ibrahim al-Basri 

    Sidi Zaynuddin al-Qazwini 

    Sidi Muhammad Shamsdin 

    Sidi Muhammad Tajuddin 

    Sidi Nuruddin Ali 

    Sidi Fakhruddin 

    Sidi Tuqiyuddin Faqayyir 

    Sidi Abderrahman Madani

    Al-Qutb al-Kamil Mawlana Abdessalam  ibn Mashish al-Alami

    Al-Qutb Al-Kamil Maulana Abu Hassan Al-Shadhili

     Sidi Abu Abdellah Maghribi 

    Sidi Ahmed Qarafi 

    Sidi Ahmed Annus 

    Sidi Abul Fadl Hindi 

    Sidi Abderahman Ragragi 

    Sidi Said Hintati 

    Sidi Abdellah Amghar

    Sidi Ahmad Zarruq

    Sidi Ibrahim Zerhouni 

    Sidi Ali Sanhaji Dawwar 

    Sidi Abderrahman Majdoub 

    Sidi Yusuf al-Fasi 

    Sidi Abderrahman al-Fasi 

    Sidi Muhammad ibn Abdellah 

    Sidi Qasim al-Khassasi 

    Sidi Ahmed Ben Abdellah 

    Sidi al-Arbi Ben Abdellah

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani

     

    3. Silsila of Sayyidna Ali through his son Sayyidna Hussaini Ibn Ali

    Sayyidna Hussaini ibn Ali ibn Abi-Talib

    Sidna Ali Zayn al-Abidin 

    Sidna Muhammad al-Baqir 

    Sidna Jaafar as-Sadiq 

    Sidna Musa al-Rida 

    Sidna Ali al-Jawad

    Sidi Abul Hassan Sari Saqti

    Sayyid al-Taifa Mawlana Sidi Abul Qacem al-Junaid

    Sidi Abu Muhammad Jariri

    Sidi Abu Talib al-Maki 

    Sidi Muhammad Juwayni 

    Sidi Haramayn Juwayni 

    Sidi Abu Hamed Ghazali 

    Sidi Abu Bakr ibn al-Arabi 

    Sidi Ali ibn Harzihim

    Sidi Abu Madyan Shuayb al-Ghawt

    Sidi Abu Muhammad Sali Majiri

     Sidi Abdellah ibn Salih Majiri

    Sidi Abu Marwan Sabtii 

    Sidi Ahmed ibn Salih 

    Sidi Abu Zakariya Hahi 

    Sidi Muhammad ibn Isa 

    Sidi Ahmed ibn Achir 

    Sidi Ahmed Hadrami 

    Sidi Ahmed Zarruq

    Sidi Ahmed ibn Yusuf Malyani

    Sidi Ali ibn Abdellah Dar’i

     Sidi Abul Qacem al-Ghazi 

    Sidi Ahmed ibn Ali Hajji

     Sidi Abdullah Masluhi Raqqi 

    Sidi Mhamed Ben Nasir Dar’i 

    Sidi Ahmed Ben Nasir Dar’i 

    Sidi Muhammad ibn Abdellah al-Hindi

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani

    4. Silsila of Sayyidna Abubakar Siddiq (RTA) through Salman Al-farisi:

    Sayyidna salman Al-Farisi

    Sidi al-Qacem ibn Abi Bakr Siddiq 

    Sidna Jaafar Sadiq 

    Sidi Abu Yazid Bastami 

    Sidi Abu Nasr Karkhai

    Sidi Abdellqadir Sahrawardi

    Sidi Qutbuddin Abhari 

    Sidi Ghusnuddin Najachi 

    Sidi Chabudin Shirazi 

    Sidi Jamaluddin Tabrizi 

    Sidi Ibrahim Kilani 

    Sidi Muhammad Balisi 

    Sidi Omar al-Khalwati 

    Sidi Muhammad al-Khalwati 

    Sidi Muhyiddin Bakuri Sidi 

    Muhammad Shirazi 

    Sidi Jamaluddin Khalwati 

    Sidi Keiruddin Taukadi 

    Sidi Chaaban Kestouni 

    Sidi Muhyiddin Kestuni 

    Sidi Ismail Jermi 

    Sidi Ali Andawi Taibi

     Sidi Mustapha Andawi 

    Sidi Abdellatif Khalwati

     Sidi Mustapha Bickri 

    Sidi Mohamed Hifnawi

    Al-Qutb al-Kamil Sidi Mahmud al-Kurdi

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani

         

    5. Another route of silsila from Sayyidna Abubakar Siddiq through Salman Al-farisi

    Sayyidna Salman Al-Farisi

    Sidi al-Qacem ibn Abi Bakr Siddiq 

    Sidna Jaafar Sadiq 

    Sidi Abu Yazid Bastami 

    Sidi Abu Nasr Karkhai

    Sidi Abu Ali Faramadi

    Sidi Yusuf Hamadani 

    Sidi Abdulkhliq Ghujdawani 

    Sidi Muhammad Riwakri 

    Sidi Mahmoud Faghnawi 

    Sidi Azizan Ali Ramitani 

    Sidi Muhammad Samasi 

    Sidi Amir Kulal 

    Sidi Naqshband Shah 

    Sidi Muhammad al-Attar 

    Sidi Muhammad Barsa 

    Sidi Saaduddin Kashghiri 

    Sidi Abderrahman Dishti 

    Sidi Muhammad Amin 

    Sidi Ghadhfar ibn Jaafar 

    Sidi Ahmed Shannawi 

    Sidi Muhammad Dajjani 

    Sidi as-Safi al-Qashash 

    Sidi Ibrahim al-Kurdi 

    Sidi Muhammad Taher

    Al-Qutb al-Kamil Sidi Muhammad Samman

    6. The absolute and comprehensive route:

    Prophet Muhammad (SAW)

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani (RTA)

    Sheikh Ahmad ibn Muhammad Tijjani (RTA)

    Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani was therefore by his virtue of inheritance from the two prominent Sahabah and direct reception of divine knowledge from the holy Prophet (SAW) became the supreme expert in the field of Ihsan apart from the Sahabahs who are direct companions of the Prophet (SAW). Owing to the significance of this position granted to him by Allah (SWT), he achieved the status of Khatm Awliya (the seal of awliyas) and the Prophet (SAW) told him to leave his affiliation with other chains as he himself will transmit knowledge and illumination to Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (And Allah is the possessor of great bounty). It is worthy of note that the Sheikh is also a great grandson of the holy Prophet (SAW). The tariqa consists of just three frequent and constant zikrs as given by the Prophet (SAW) through Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (RTA):

         1.    Istigfaar: seeking forgiveness from Allah

         2.    Salatun Nabiyy: Seeking blessings on the holy Prophet (SAW)

    3.    La ilaha illa lahu: recitation of “there is no god but Allah”

    It is obvious that the recitation of these zikrs is commanded by Allah (SWT) in the Quran and practiced by the Prophet (SAW) as well as the sahabahs.

    The condition of the path is that:

    1.    Istigfaar be recited morning and evening a 100 times

    2.    Blessings of the Prophet be recited morning and evening a 100 times

    3.    Haylala (La ilaha illa lahu) be recited morning and evening a 100 times


    4.    The zikr of Juma’ah (recitation of La ilaha illa lahu) in congregation after salatul Asr on Friday till sunset (this can be   done individually when it is not feasible to perform in a gathering)


    5.    Performing all salat (5 daily prayers) in congregation as much as possible


    6.    Respecting the parents

    7.    Performing the wird (litanies or zikrs) till death

    8.   Not combining the wird of the tariqa with another

    9.    Non visitation of saints of other tariqas with the aim of receiving spiritual benefits 


    10. The Wazifa (daily recitation of Istigafaar 30 times, Salat on the Prophet 50 times, La ilaha illa lahu 100 times and Jauharatu Kamal 12 times

    Tariqa Tijaniyya’s principles are purely based on the Qur’an and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Sheikh Ahmad Tijani himself warned that “If you hear something transmitted from me then weigh it on the balance of the shari’ah, if it agrees with it then receive it, if it does not then reject it. Scoffers and distractors from the path blame bid’ah (innovation) on the meritorious principles and practices of the tariqa. They heavily draw upon the following hadith:

    On the authority of Aishah, who said : The messenger of Allah said:

    “He who innovates something in this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected.”

    narrated by Bukhari and Muslim

    And in one version by Muslim it reads :

    “He who does an act which our matter is not [in agreement] with will have it rejected.”

    The hadith clearly defines what innovation is: Any matter that does not agree with Islam or that is not path of Islam. Now the question is how do we know when a matter is not part of Islam? – If it is not in the Quran or Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Nowadays, the opponents of the tariqa invent their own definition of bid’ah which to them is ONLY anything the Holy Prophet (SAW) did not do. This is a very deviated and distorted understanding of the sunnah of the holy Prophet (SAW) because the sunnah is NOT ONLY anything the Prophet (SAW) did but also what he INSTRUCTS and what he ALLOWED and what he did NOT CRITICIZE during his blessed lifetime.

    We have provided a list of proofs and evidences for each practice and condition the tariqa instructs based on the Qur’an and Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (SAW). Please don’t just go over the evidences, study them deeply and understand them well. Surely truth has become manifest over falsehood.

    1.    Istigfaar be recited morning and evening a 100 times

    Proofs for constant seeking of forgiveness in the Quran:


    Allah the Exalted said: “And vie with each other for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Paradise as wide as are the heavens and the earth, prepared for those who ward off evil (the righteous).”

    Al Imran Verse 133]

     

    Allah the Exalted said: “But Allah would not punish them while thou was with them, nor will He punish them while they seek forgiveness.”

    [Anfal  Verse 33] 

    Allah the Exalted said: “And those who, when they have committed an indecency or wronged themselves, remember Allah andask forgiveness for their sins – and none can forgive sins but Allah – and do not persist in what (wrong) they have done, while they know”

    (Surah 3 verse 135). 

    Allah the Exalted said: “ Seek pardon of your Lord lo! He was ever forgiving. He let loose the sky for you in plenteous rain. And will help you with wealth and sons, and will assign unto you Gardens and will assign unto you rivers.”

    Nooh verses 10-12].

     

    Proof from the Sunnah: 

    Abu Saeed El-Khudari narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Iblis (Satan) said to his Lord: By Your Might and Majesty, I shall continue to beguile mankind as long as their souls dwell in them. So the Lord said to him: By My Might and Majesty, I shall continue to forgive them as long as they ask for My forgiveness.” [Ahmed, Abu Ya'la, and El-Hakim and said: authentic]

     

    Abu Hurayrah (R.A.A.) said: I heard Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلمsaying, “ By Allah! I ask Allah for forgiveness and repent to Him more than seventy times a day.” [Bukhari]

     

    Anas narrated “ I do ask Allah for forgiveness seventy times a day.” [Ibn Habban, and Ibn Majah]

     

    Abu Hurayrah (R.A.A) said: the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “ I do ask Allah for forgiveness and repent to him a hundred times a day“. [Haithami said: trustworthy chain]

     

    Abu Hurayrah narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمgathered the people and said: “ O people! Turn to Allah in repentance, for I do repent a hundred times a day.” [Muslim, Nisa'i and Ahmed]

     

    Abdullah ibn Bisr said: I heard the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمsaying, “Beatitude is for him in whose Record is found a lot of Istighfar (seeking of Allah’s forgiveness)”. [Nisa'i ,and  Ibn Majah. El-Haithami and Nawawi said: authentic chain].

     

    Abu Hurayrah (R.A.A.) said: I heard the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمsaying, “A man committed a sins and then said `O Lord! I have committed a sin, forgive me!’ Then his Lord said: `Does My servant know that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and also punishes for it? Lo! I have forgiven My servant.’ Then sometime passed and again committed a sin, and said, `O Lord! I have committed another sin, forgive me,’ Allah the Exalted said: `Does My servant know that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and also punishes for it? I have forgiven My servant.’ Then after some time he committed a sin and said: `O my Lord! I have committed another sin, forgive me for it’! Allah the Exalted said: `Does My servant know that he has a Lord Who forgives sins and punishes for it? I have forgiven My servant three times; let him do what he likes.”  [ Bukhari and Muslim]

     

    Ali ibn Rabi’a (R.A.A) said “I saw Ali ibn Abu Talib (R.A.A.) once, when he was about to ride. When he inserted his foot in the stir-up he said: ‘Bismillah’ (in the name of Allah), and when he leveled himself on the saddle he said: praise be to Allah, ‘Praised be to He Who hath subdued these unto us, and we were not capable of subduing them and Lo! Unto our Lord we are returned’. Then he praised Allah three times, and magnified (Him) three times. Then, he said: ‘Glory be Thee! There is no God but You, I have wronged my soul, forgive me’. Then he smiled. We asked, ‘O Leader of the believers! Why did you smile?’ he replied, ‘I have seen Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم doing like what I have just done and then smiled, so I asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Why did you smile?’ He said ‘ Allah, the Exalted & the Most-High, expresses His pleasure with a servant who asks: O my Lord! Forgive me. Allah says ‘My servant has known that none forgives sins save Me’”. [Abu Da'ood, Nisa'i, Hakim, Ahmed, and Tirmidhi, and said Authentic]

     

    2.    Blessings of the Prophet be recited morning and evening a 100 times

    Proof in the Quran for constant blessing on the Prophet (SAW) 

    Allah, the Exalted, said, “Lo! Allah and His angels send their Salat (prayers) on the Prophet, O ye who believe! Send your Salat on him, and salute him with a worthy salutation.”

     [Ahzab, verse 56].

     

    Proofs and commandments from the hadith to constantly send blessings on the Prophet (SAW) 

    Aus ibn Aus (R.A.A.) narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Friday is one of the best of your days. So, recite plenty of prayers (Salat) upon me, for your prayers will be presented (shown) to me.” The Companions asked: O Messenger of Allah, how will our Salat be presented to you, after your body has dispersed into the earth. He صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets”. [Abu Daood with authentic chain, Nisa'i, and Ibn Majah. El-Hakim: through Mas'ood El-Ansari (R.A.A), and said: of authentic chain].

    Et-Tufail ibn Ubayy ibn Ka’ab narrated that his father said: when two third of the night had passed, the Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم would get up and say, “O people, remember Allah, remember Allah, the first blast of the Trumpet has come and will be followed with the second blast, death has come with all that it conceives, death has come with all that it conceives.” Ubayy said, ‘I said, O Messenger of Allah, I recite a lot of prayers (Salat) upon you, how much of my prayers should I make for you? He said. “Whatever you want.” I said, ‘A quarter?’ He said, “ Whatever you want, and if you increase it, it will be better for you”. I said, ‘Half?’ He said, “Whatever you want, and if you increase it, it will be better for you.” I said, ‘two third?’ He said, “Whatever you want, and if you increase it, it will be better for you.” I said, ‘Should I make my whole prayers for you?’ He said, “Then, you will be relieved of your distress, and your sins will be forgiven“. [Tirmizi, and said: good &authentic].

     

    3.    Haylala (La ilaha illa lahu) be recited morning and evening a 100 times

    Proof from the Qur’an 

    Allah, the Exalted, said: “Allah bears witness that there is no God but He, and the angels and those having knowledge (also bear witness to this); (He always) maintains His creation in justice; there is no God but He, the Almighty, the All-Wise). 

    [Al Imran verse 18] 
    Proof from the hadith
     

    Abu Dhar (R.A.A.) said:I came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم while he was wearing white clothes and sleeping. Then I went back to him again after he had got up from his sleep. He said, “ Nobody says: La ilaha illa Allah (there is no God but Allah,), then dies while believing in that, except that he will enter Paradise”. I asked: Even if he had committed adultery and theft. He said, “Even if he had committed adultery and theft”. I asked: Even if he had committed adultery and theft. He said, “Even if he had committed adultery and theft”. I asked: Even if he had committed adultery and theft. He said, “Even if he had committed adultery and theft, In spite of Abu Dhar’s dislikeness”. [Bukhari].

     

    Abu Moosa narrated his father as saying: I came to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمin a group of my people. So, he said to us, “Have glad tiding, and spread the glad tiding to those who are behind you that: he who sincerely bears witness that there is no God but Allah (La ilaha illa Allah) enters Paradise”. So, we went out happily giving glad tiding to people. Omer ibn El-Khattab met us, took us back to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم, and said: O Messenger of Allah, then people will rely (on this). The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلمkept silent (made no comment)”. [Ahmed, and Tabarani. Authentic chain].

     

    Jabir (R.A.A.) said: I heard the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “ The best remembrance (of Allah) is La ilaha illa Allah (there is no God but Allah); and the best supplication is El-Hamdu Lillah (Praise be to Allah)”. [Tirmidhi and said good, and El-Hakim and said authentic chain].

     

    Abdullah ibn Omer said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Glorification of Allah (saying: Subhan Allah) is half the Balance, and the Praise (of Allah) fills it, and ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ (no God but Allah) has no veil between it and Allah until it reaches Him’. [Tirmidhi]

     

    Abu Hurayrah (R.A.A.) said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “ increase recitation of the testimony: ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ (no God but Allah) before it is intervened between you and it (the witness)’. [Abu Ya'la, with authentic narrators].

     

    Abu Saeed El-Khudari (R.A.A.) narrated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Moosa (Moses), peace be upon him, said: O Lord! Teach me something that I remember You with, and pray to (call) You with. He (the Lord) said: O Moosa! Say ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ (no God but Allah). Moosa said, O Lord! All Your servants say that. He (the Lord) said: Say La ilaha illa Allah. Moosa said: There is no God but You my Lord, but I want something You favor me with. He (the Lord) said: O Moosa! If the seven heavens and their inhabitants, except Me, and the seven earths are (put) on one hand (of the scale), and La ilaha illa Allah is (put) on the other hand, La ilaha illa Allah will outweigh them all“. [Nisa'i, Ibn Habban, and El-Hakim who said: of authentic chain].

     

    Um Hani’ bint Abu Talib (R.A.A.) said: I said O Prophet of Allah! I became old and feeble woman. So, guide me to a deed. He said, “Magnify Allah a hundred times, and praise Allah a hundred times, and glorify Allah a hundred times. This is better for you than a hundred accepted camels (in Allah’s sake), and better than a hundred horses, saddled & reined, in the cause of Allah, and better than a hundred manumitted slaves (as a devotion to Allah) accepted (by Allah); and, saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ does not leave a sin, and no deed resembles it“. [Tabarani].

     

    Abud-Darda’a narrated that the prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “No servant (of Allah) says ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ a hundred times, except that Allah resurrects him, in the Day of Resurrection, with a face like a moon in a full moon night. And, no deed is raised, on that day, for anyone better than his, except for someone who says similar to his or more“. [Tabarani].

     

    Ibn Omer said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “ The people of la ilaha illa Allah feel no desolation in their graves or in their resurrection, and as if I see the people of la ilaha illa Allah dusting off their heads and saying praise be to Allah who took away the grief from us”. [Tabarani, Abu Ya'la, and Behaqi].

     

    Abu Hurayrah (R.A.A.) said that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said, “Renew your faith. They asked: O Messenger of Allah! How we renew our faith? He said: increase saying ‘la ilaha illa Allah’ (no God but Allah)”. [El-Hakim, and said authentic chain]

     

     

    4.    The zikr of Juma’ah (recitation of La ilaha illa lahu) in congregation after salatul Asr on Friday till sunset (this can be done individually when it is not feasible to perform in a gathering)

    Proof from the Qur’an: 

    And when the Prayer (Juma’ah prayers) is finished, then may ye disperse through the land, and seek of the Bounty of Allah. and celebrate the Praises of Allah often (and without stint): that ye may prosper.

    [Jumuah verse 10] 

    “O! Ye, who believe, remember Allah with much remembrance.”
    (Surah Ahzab Verse 41).

     

    Proof from the ahadith: 

    Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “When you come upon the meadows of the Garden, graze in them.” He was asked, “What are the meadows of the Garden?” “ Circles of dhikr,” he replied. (at-Tirmidhi)

     

    Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “Allah Almighty has angels who travel the highways and by-ways seeking out gatherings of dhikr in the earth. When they find a gathering of dhikr, they enfold them with their wings stretching up to the heaven. Allah asks them, ‘From where have you come?’ They reply, ‘We have come from Your slaves who are glorifying You, praising You, proclaiming Your oneness, asking of You and seeking refuge with You.’ He says – and He knows better than them, ‘What are they asking Me for?’ They reply, ‘They are asking You for the Garden.’ He says, ‘Have they seen it?’ They reply, ‘No, our Lord.’ He says, ‘How would it be if they were to see it?’ Then He asks – and He knows better than them, ‘What are they seeking refuge from?’ ‘From the Fire,’ they reply. He asks, ‘Have they seen it?’ ‘No,’ they reply. Then He says, ‘How would it be if they were to see it?’ Then He says, ‘I testify to you that I have forgiven them, I have given them what they ask Me for, and I give them the refuge which they ask of Me.’ They say, ‘Our Lord, among them is a wrongdoer who is sitting with them, but is not one of them.’ He says, ‘I have forgiven him as well. The one sitting with these people will not be wretched.’” (Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, al-Hakim)

     

    Abu Hurayra reported from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “There are no people who remember Allah without the angels surrounding them, mercy covering them, tranquillity descending on them, and Allah mentioning them to those who are with Him.” (Muslim, at-Tirmidhi)

     

    Mu’awiya reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to a circle of his Companions and asked, “What is it that has caused you to sit together?” They answered, “We have sat down to remember Allah and praise Him.” He said, “Jibril came to me and reported to me that the angels are boasting about you.” (Muslim, at-Tirmidhi)

     

    Agharr Abi Muslim reported: I bear witness to the fact that both Abu Huraira and Abu Sa’id Khudri were present when Allah’s Messenger may peace be upon him) said: The people do not sit but they are surrounded by angels and covered by Mercy, and there descends upon them tranquillity as they remember Allah, and Allah makes a mention of them to those who are near Him. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters. (Bukhari)

     

    Abu Sa’id Khudri reported that Mu’awiya went to a circle in the mosque and said: What makes you sit here? They said: We are sitting here in order to remember Allah. He said: I adjure you by Allah (to tell me whether you are sitting here for this very purpose)? They said: By Allah, we are sitting here for this very purpose.  Thereupon he adjured by Allah and asked if that only was the purpose of their sitting there whereupon he (the Messenger) said: I am not asking you to take an oath because of any allegation against you but for the fact that Gabriel came to me and he informed me that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, was talking to the angels about your magnificence. (Bukhari)

     

    5.    Performing all salat (5 daily prayers) in congregation as much as possible

    Proof from the Qur’an 

    And be steadfast in prayer; practise regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship).[Baqra verse 43]

     

    Proof from the ahadith  A blind man said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, I do not have someone to guide me to the Mosque,” and thus asked the Messenger SAW to grant him special permission not to attend congregational prayers. As he was leaving, the Messenger called him and said “Do you hear the call? “, he said “yes”. He SAW said, “Then answer.” (Muslim)

     

    Narrated by Ibn Maktoom that he said: “Oh Messenger of Allah, I am blind, live far away, and have a guide that does not suit me, so can’t you give me consent to pray at home?” He said “ Do you hear the call?” Ibn Maktoom replied “Yes”. The Prophet SAW then said “I cannot find an excuse for you.” (Ahmad)

     

    According Abdullah bin Masoud (May Allah’s Mercy upon him) the Prophet said: O Muslims! Allah has prescribed paths of right guidance for you among which is the offering of the daily prayers in congregation in the masjid, if you start saying your prayers individually at home, as so-and-so does, you will be forsaking the Sunnah of your Prophet, and if you forsake the Sunnah of your Prophet, you will certainly be going astray.” (Muslim)

     

    According to Anas (May Allah’s Mercy upon him), the Prophet said: “The person who offers his prayers continuously for 40 days without missing the first takbeer (meaning in congregation), is granted a two-fold immunity by Allah: immunity from Hell-fire and immunity from hypocrisy. (Tirmidhi)

     

    6.    Respecting the parents

     

    Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. (Isra’i verse 23)

     

    “ And lower unto them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: ‘My Lord!  Bestow on them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was small.’” (Isra’i verse24)

     

    “And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents.  His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, unto Me is the final destination.”

    (Luqman verse 14) 

    One of Prophet Muhammad’s companions asked about the deeds God loved most.  The Prophet replied, the prayer offered on time and honouring parents…  (Saheeh Bukhari)

     

    7.    Performing the wird (litanies or zikrs) till death

    Proof from the Quran: 

    And serve thy Lord until there come unto thee the Hour that is Certain. 

    (Al-Hijr verse 99) 

    “And those who are constantseeking the pleasure of their Lord, and keep up prayer and spend (benevolently) out of what We have given them secretly and openly and repel evil with good; as for those, they shall have the (happy) issue of the abode.”

    [Ar-Ra’d verse 22] 

    “Peace be on you because you were constant, how excellent, is then, the issue of the abode.”

     [Ar-Ra’d verse 24]

     

    Proof from the ahadith: 

    It was narrated by Alqama that he asked Aisha, “Did Allah’s Messenger, use to choose some special days (for fasting)?” She replied, “No, but he used to be regular (constant) (in his service of worshipping) . Who amongst you can endure what Allah’s Messenger used to endure?” (Bukhari)

     

    It was also narrated that Masruq asked Aisha, “What deed was the most beloved to the Prophet?” She said, “ The regular constant one.” I said, “At what time did he use to get up at night (for the Tahajjud night prayer)?’ She said, “He used to get up on hearing (the crowing of) the cock (the last third of the night).” (Bukhari)

     

    8.   Not combining the wird of the tariqa with another

     

    “ They perform (their) vows, and they fear a Day whose evil flies far and wide.”

     (Al-Insan verse 7)

     

    As one pledges or makes a vow not to combine the wird of the tariqa with wird from other tariqas, it is therefore binding for the aspirant to fulfill his/her vows. Moreover, tariqa Tijaniyya is the combination of the virtuous principles of all the tariqas combined without any of their weaknesses. The tariqa tijjaniyya also enjoys the highest status owing to the direct reception of knowledge from the Prophet (SAW) through the Khatm awliya and Qutb Maktum Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (RTA). 

    9.    Non visitation of saints of other tariqas with the aim of receiving spiritual benefits as the The tariqa tijjaniyya also enjoys the highest status owing to the direct reception of knowledge from the Prophet (SAW) through the Khatm awliya and Qutb Maktum Sheikh Ahmad Tijjani (RTA).